A History of Portable Networked Computing

A history of consumer portable networked computing

1966 – Tricorder
science fiction, multipurpose portable networked computing and sensory device

1968 – Xerox PARC GUI & TCP/IP
Alan Kay : a “personal, portable information manipulator” was imagined Xerox PARC in 1968, and described in his 1972 paper as the “Dynabook”.

1969 – ARPAnet started
(Advanced Research Projects Agency network). It was opened to public users in the late 1970s and many universities and large businesses went on-line.

1975 – IBM 5100
$8,975 (BASIC with 16KB) to $19,975 (BASIC+APL with 64KB) Discontinued: 1978, CPU IBM PALM processor clocked at 1.9MHz. Small professional market place.

1977 – Apple II
1977 US$1,298 (US$5,052 accounting for inflation), Discontinued 1981. Operating system: Integer BASIC, CPU MOS Technology 6502. Consumer/small business targeted computer.

1980’s – Cell Phones, Laptops, Game Consoles Evolve

1980s – ARPAnet Expands

1983 – GPS opened to civilian use

1986 – NSFNET Started
National Science Foundation Network is created Initially created to link researchers to the nation’s NSF-funded computing centers. It developed into a major part of the Internet backbone.

1991 – HTTP v0.9 is specified

1993 – IBM Simon (first PDA)
The Simon was the first real attempt by the tech industry to create a “Swiss Army Knife” type of phone that incorporated voice and data services into one package. Device acted as a mobile phone, a PDA and even a fax machine. The device even had a touchscreen. $899..

1993 – World Wide Web is “Born”

1996 – Palm Pilot 1000
The Pilot uses a Motorola 68328 processor at 16 MHz, and had 128 kB (Pilot 1000) or 512 kB (Pilot 5000) built in memory. Connecting and synchronizing the PDA was initially done through a utility called PalmPilot Desktop. $300

1998 – Nokia 9110 Communicator
The phone was large and heavy (397 g). The Communicator part is driven by an Intel 24 MHz i386 CPU.[1] It has 8 MB of memory, which is divided between applications (4 MB), program memory (2 MB) and user data (2 MB). The operating system is GEOS 3.0. No Internet – but flip form-factor

1999 – Benefon Esc!
a safety phone. The GSM phone was sold mainly in Europe, but many other GPS-enabled mobile phones would follow. launched the first commercially-available GPS phone

2001 – iPod I
The iPod is a line of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The first line was released on October 23, 2001, about 8½ months after iTunes (Macintosh version) was released.

2002 – RIM Releases BlackBerry 5810
RIM entered the mobile phone market with its BlackBerry 5810 device, a phone with the ability to get e-mail and surf the Web. Previously RIM had sold pagers. 5810 needed a headset

2003 – Palm Treo 600
This particular smartphone featured both GSM and CDMA models and had 32MB of RAM and 144MHz of processing power.

July 2005 – Google Buys Android Inc.

Jan 9th, 2007 – Apple iPhone I It was introduced in the United States on June 29, 2007. It featured quad-band GSM cellular connectivity with GPRS and EDGE support for data transfer. On June 9, 2008, Apple announced its successor, the iPhone 3G. The original iPhone no longer receives software updates from Apple; its final official firmware version was iPhone OS (now iOS) 3.1.3.

July 10th 2008 – Apple App Store Launched
On July 11, the iPhone 3G was launched and came pre-loaded with iOS 2.0.1 with App Store support; new iOS 2.0.1 firmware for iPhone and iPod Touch was also made available via iTunes.

October 2008 – HTC Dream, 1st Droid
The HTC Dream was the first ever smartphone to ship with the Android operating system. The operating system heavily integrates with, and provides apps for various Google services, such as Gmail (with push email support), Maps, Search, Talk, and YouTube.

October 22nd 2008 – Android Market Launched
Google Play, formerly the Android Market, is a digital distribution platform operated by Google.

April 3rd 2010 – iPad I Released

September 2010 – Samsung Galaxy Tab 7.0

November 15, 2011 – Amazon Kindle Fire 1

PRESENT – Competing Hardware Market Share.3 Big App Markets, many small markets


– This genealogy of Mobile computing application markets was compiled on July 30th 2014/

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